Education

Abolishing teacher licensure exams – a step towards ensuring quality education for all

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By Stan Xoese Dogbe.

In what some practicing teachers and education watchers have described as a remarkable move towards promoting quality education in Ghana, former President John Mahama and the
National Democratic Congress (NDC) have re-echoed their 2020 manifesto promise to stop the mandatory writing of licensure exams by teachers every four years, which teachers are required
to pay for.

The Mahama decision is rooted in the belief that if teachers receive quality training and instruction during their teacher trainee years, there will be no need for periodic examinations
that also puts a financial burden on them.

While opponents say teacher licensing was announced and piloted in 2016, what they deliberately forget to add is that the licensing regime as put out by the NDC administration was not structured as a periodic exam but aligned to a professional development programme.

It was aimed at licensing all newly recruited teachers before they are allowed to teach, existing
professional teachers are streamlined while those who are not professional teachers will be given temporary licences for three years.
The acting Chief Inspector of the National Inspectorate Board (NIB), Dr Augustine Tawiah, in a Daily Graphic report of September 21, 2016, explained at a stakeholders’ information-sharing
session that non-professional teachers who are unable to acquire their licenses within the first three-year period, would no longer be recognized as qualified teachers.
The policy, as put out by the NDC administration, was also intended to incentivise continuous
professional development and growth among teachers by requiring them to participate in relevant programmes and appraisals in order to renew their licenses.
Note, not regular exams, that they have to pay for.

Critics have voiced their concerns about the Mahama and NDC proposal to stop the on-going exams, and among them is a deputy minister for education.
It is important to thoroughly analyse these criticisms and the underlying motivations behind them.

While there is the need for evaluation and measures to gauge and maintain teacher competence, the current system of periodic licensing exams places an undue financial burden on teachers.

By abolishing the exams and focusing on providing quality training during the years of professional teacher training in the Colleges of Education, the NDC is taking a significant step towards empowering teachers and encouraging them to invest in their own professional
development.

For example, the NDC, as explained by Dr Tawiah, envisioned that teachers would have to participate in professional development programmes to qualify for a renewal of licence.
He mentioned another criterium that would qualify a teacher to be licensed as having a good appraisal report, including punctuality and regularity, effective teaching and serving on
community committees.
“If you are always fighting and also if you have a criminal record and all such vices, you will lose
your licence”, he added.
Teachers who have received proper training and are equipped with the necessary skills will,
therefore, be better prepared to deliver high-quality education to their students.
Mahama argues that the mode of instruction and practical training of student teachers must
be enhanced to prepare them to graduate with exceptional and professional skills to teach.
They must after their final College exams, write a licensing exam, after which they will be
licensed to teach.
It is interesting that an association of College of Education teachers say they are against the
decision to stop the licensure exams, insisting that it is a good step. Are they admitting that the
teachers they are producing from the Colleges are half-baked and not professionally prepared
to be posted to teach in our schools?
Furthermore, the Mahama decision to stop the periodic exams align with international
practices in education, where countries such as Finland, Singapore, and Canada have
implemented similar models that prioritise the acquisition of quality skills during the teacher
training programme rather than relying solely on periodic examinations.
It is crucial to acknowledge that teachers play a pivotal role in shaping the future of a nation.
Their role extends beyond simply delivering curriculum; they serve as mentors and sources of
inspiration to their students.
By easing the financial burden on teachers and focusing on quality training, the proposal to
abolish licensure exams aligns with the broader goals of providing enhanced education opportunities for all children in Ghana.
Let me conclude by saying that the decision to abolish the mandatory licensure exams for teachers demonstrates a commitment to improving the quality of education.
By prioritising quality training during the teacher trainee phase and linking licensure to ongoing
professional development, this proposal will not only empower teachers but also ensure that students receive the education they deserve.

It is our duty as a nation to support these progressive changes and work towards a brighter
future for all Ghanaian children.

Stan Xoese Dogbe is a Ghanaian Journalist and Political Communications Strategist.

You can contact him at stan.dogbe@gmail.com. Facebook & X Accounts: @StanDog

 

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