Electrocution is a potentially life-threatening situation that occurs when an individual comes into contact with an electrical source, resulting in a flow of electric current through the body. Quick and appropriate action is crucial in such emergencies to minimize injury and save lives. Here’s a guide on what to do immediately if a person gets electrocuted:
1. Ensure Safety First: According to research, before rushing to help, ensure your safety by turning off the power source, unplugging devices, or shutting off circuit breakers. If this isn’t possible, use a non-conductive material like a dry wooden stick or a rubber mat to separate the person from the electrical source.
2. Call for Help: Dial emergency services (911 or your local emergency number) immediately. Inform them about the electrocution and provide the exact location for prompt assistance.
3. Do Not Touch the Person: It’s crucial not to touch the electrocuted person with bare hands while they are still in contact with the electrical source. Doing so could lead to a chain reaction and put you in danger as well.
4. Break the Contact: If the person is still in contact with the electrical source, use a non-conductive object, such as a wooden broom handle or a piece of dry cloth, to gently push or pull them away from the source. Do not touch the person directly.
5. Check for Responsiveness: Once the person is no longer in contact with the electrical source, check their responsiveness. If they are unresponsive and not breathing, start CPR if you’re trained to do so, or follow the instructions of the emergency operator.
6. Look for Burns: Examine the person for burns or entry and exit wounds where the electrical current entered and exited their body. Burns may not always be immediately visible, so be thorough in your assessment.
7. Keep the Person Comfortable: If the person is conscious and breathing, help them lie down and keep them warm. Cover them with a blanket to prevent shock and keep them comfortable until medical help arrives.
8. Avoid Water: Keep the person away from water, as water can conduct electricity and worsen the situation. Do not attempt to touch or treat any part of their body that is wet.
9. Do Not Administer Medication or Fluids: Avoid giving the person any medication or fluids orally or through injection, as their body’s response to substances might be altered due to the electrocution.
10. Stay with the Person: While waiting for medical professionals to arrive, continue to monitor the person’s condition and offer reassurance. Be prepared to provide any information about the situation to the medical team.